Therefore, they inflict the most damage – explains Dr.

Social Educator school in Warsaw: – Of course, I tremble for your place of work, one we do not know whether next year will work. But from the educational point of view, the introduction of junior high school was a tragedy, and I am glad that this idea of ​​resort retreats. Entering the new school, the children through the first year fighting for a place in the group, from the point of view of the development of a completely lost time. When they were in an eight primary school, the most difficult period of development failed to control the ball. In eighth grade motivation it was that a moment will pass exams in high school. In the first – that they went to school already almost adult people.

The seriousness obliged – ocenia.Nauczyciele however, point out that the reform for the time being is born in chaos. It is still not certain, will eventually look like the school system does not have a curriculum. Ministry of Education has announced that it will show in the middle of the event września.Na Ministry withdraws from the idea of ​​creating public schools. According to the latest scenario under consideration in the Ministry of the students still have to spend eight years in one school, but – so far – it will be called a primary school. The change of plans unofficially say officials in the ministry. Also confirmed by leaders of teachers unions. – Zalewska minister announced during a meeting with us that the Ministry departs from the idea to change the name because of the cost – says Grzegorz Gruchlik, Vice-President of the PNA.

Ministry neither confirms nor zaprzecza.Według our information ministry officials had recalculate the cost of replacing signs, stamps etc. scare were also briefing for teachers and principals of schools transformed. In the current law, there is no possibility of a smooth transition from one school to another – primary education would be eliminated, and in its place set up a primary school. This in turn would require severance pay of all teachers dismissed – for the appointed teacher is approx. 16 thousand. zł for qualified – almost 19 thousand. Including local governments would have to spend for this purpose a minimum of 2.7 billion zł.

Read more Ministry of Education extends the elementary school and junior high liquidates. EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW Ministry is preparing a model szkołyMEN started entering into the education system of schools exercises. They have to be perfectly carried out the places where they can educate future teachers, as well as raise the competence of those who already teach. Subordinate to the Ministry of Education Development Center just appointed a team of 16 experts, who have to deal with the development of an idea of ​​how these institutions have działać.Projekt School Exercise is expected to take two years and cost 4.7 million zł. It will be funded under the mechanism POWER. It’s an old idea of ​​the Ministry of Education – talked about it before the election, Minister Joanna Kluzik-Rostkowska.

School exercises were to be a response to the disastrous results of research on Polish teachers. When checking their competence Educational Research Institute, it turned out, for example, that every fifth teacher, working in grades 1-3 do not have basic mathematical knowledge – even allowed division by 0. – killing the students’ interest in mathematics – complained presenting the study, Marcin Karpinski IBE.Jednym of the problems that defined the researchers, was that teachers simply have nowhere to train. – Schools are reluctant to accept students for practice, and if it is, do not allow even a driving lesson – said prof. Kazimierz Przyszczypkowski from the University. Adam Mickiewicz Poznaniu.Szkoły exercises to be special places for future teachers will improve their skills. First, the pilot is to be performed and the selected model 11 centers from this region.

It is not known which schools can count on wzorcowe.Szkoły qualify as exercise is an attempt to answer the challenges that Polish education puts demographic. According to forecasts by the Central Statistical Office in the next 20 years will leave 2 million students. How to convince the minister Anna Zalewska, educators will have additional training at Siemens is constantly not to go out of business. In June, the head of the ministry announced that after the reform of education, each teacher will have to devote 20 hours a year to improve their professional skills. The choice is simple – if you are working in dusty conditions, and you do not want that for three decades began to harass you lung ailments – you wear a protective respirator. If you are not accustomed to it, then after a while you want to remove it: breathe it harder, and as if that were not enough, it begins to collect the exhaled water vapor by us.

And so throughout the work day. Solution? Make a respirator something that is highly hygroscopic – that will involve water. Problem? How to do it, using current production methods respirators.

In other words, no longer balancing the door open and not forcing manufacturers to exchange machine park. It’s managed to scientists from the Central Institute for Labor Protection (CIOP), and specifically from the Lodz branch of the institution. They used to this solution known from the production of diapers. Dr. hab. Eng. Agnieszka Brochocka with CIOP explains that the need is urgent respirators improvements especially in the case of mining. – 800 meters underground, we have to deal with high humidity and high temperatures. As a result, the body is sweating heavily, not to mention the fact that mining is hard physical work.

As if that were not enough, in such conditions increase the pace of our breathing, so we exhale more water vapor. The idea is that the user respirator to breathe easier – says the researcher. If the problem is water, the simplest way to get rid of her, placing a half mask something that will be impenetrable. Science knows the solution – it superabsorbents; One group of such compounds are the SAP’s, or superabsorbent polymers which can bind the water volume up to 1000 times greater than the starting material. Respirators such as those used in the mining industry and so are disposable, so eliminated the problem of how to dry and then clean them. The main task of the respirator is to block contaminants that are found in the air, before getting to our respiratory system.

Wherein worst are particle size of 2.5 microns, which is one of the components doskwierającego us increasingly smog. – Larger particles of our body is able to remove himself, not the least of these. Therefore, they inflict the most damage – explains Dr. Brochocka. Respirators are produced from polypropylene – plastic, which produces, among others, packaging, pipes, furniture, and even elements of electrical insulation. If polypropylene is a barrier to microdust, you have to increase its surface – so that the capture area of ​​the particles was as large as possible. This is done using a method of forming nonwoven pneumotermicznego – first the material is heated to 200-300 deg. C, and then blown polypropylene to form the very fine filaments of different thicknesses and lengths.

It is only with the material so obtained molded respirator. The problem is that SAPs do not like high temperatures. Researchers from CILP therefore modified blowing machine in such a way that the superabsorbent powder added directly to the molten polymer stream at the stage of fiber formation. – In this way, SAP’s getting an even semi-fibers, which are no longer so hot, but – says Dr. Brochocka. This creates a respirator, whose properties are significantly better than those who have the original – but without resorting to completely new materials and new process, for which they will appreciate both the business and the users of personal protective equipment, including respirators.

Read more Hello, here’s your shirt: set a different temperature [EUREKA! DGP] Eureka! DGPTrwa sixth edition of the “Eureka! DGP – Polish discover inventions “, to which we invited Polish universities, research institutes and research units of Sciences. May 17 Magazine DGP will describe inventions nominated by our editorial staff for the main prize, selected from works submitted by 54 universities and instytuty.Rozstrzygnięcie competition will take place on May 22 at the Congress Impact’19 in Krakow. The prizes are 30 thousand. zł for the team that worked on the winning invention, funded by the Patron of the Polish Science – Polpharma company, and the promotional campaign for college or institute of 50 thousand. zł in the media Infor Business (publisher of Dziennik Gazeta Prawna), founded by the organizer. After graduating from high school, most students can not cope even with simple listening comprehension, clearly articulated speech.

More than half of not being able to work with the text – are not contexts, the author’s intentions, they can not find the information. Half did not know how to create their own tekstów.Tak knowledge of English among olds summarizes the latest analysis of the Institute for Educational Research, government agencies dealing with education as a system. This year, the first generation of educated entirely according to the new core curriculum for the exam gimnazjalnego.W past three years, the IBE conducted two major studies concerning olds. They covered a total of 5.3 thousand. students, 480 teachers and 120 headmasters. The research was to show the students how to speak English after six years of study – three in primary school and three in high school. The results are not optimistic. Only 32 per cent. olds mastered the required core curriculum in the ability to understand speech by ear.

Slightly better pupils came to work with the text – base requirements fulfilled 42 percent. As regards speaking, every third pupil does not reach a level close to the desired (A2) or wyższego.ZOBACZ Also if high school, this public. And the best of small town >>> Research shows that mainly the aftermath of the way in which languages ​​are being taught in school. When asked which aspects of language learning are most important to them, angliści researchers responded that the vocabulary. It turned out that attach the least importance to writing and familiarize students with literature and culture.

So much emphasis placed by teachers on vocabulary can be determined that it is introduced and practiced in isolation from the direct use it in oral or written statements – you can read in the “Report on the state of education”, which summarizes the previous analysis IBE.- most teachers conduct lessons in Polish. On the one hand it is related to the belief that if students have a low skill level, the Polish language is more effective. But there are teachers who simply do not feel at ease in English. There are linguistic groups, where children themselves speak fluent, more correctly than teachers – says Agata Gajewska, one of the authors of the study. But he adds that this is not a matter of poor education English Philology (you must have at least an undergraduate degree in linguistics and appropriate pedagogical training), but that teachers after graduation a lack of support and continuous retraining.

Also in terms of methods of analysis pracy.W IBE shows that most Polish angliści ask students to work with the manual. Later, however, they complain that although young people recognize the language as a useful object, few engage in lessons. Learning foreign languages ​​in secondary schools / Dziennik Gazeta Prawna needs in this respect have already shown earlier analysis. European Study of Language Competence (ESLC) showed that more than 90 percent. teachers of English Philology focuses on independent work of the student in class and lecture methods. Every third student admitted that he never has occasion to comment on the class. In this respect Poland falls pale in comparison with other countries surveyed – all of these terms mean score is 10 percent. better.

It is also worse when it comes to materials used in teaching. 81 percent. Polish teachers never instructed the students to read the book in English. Average for 61 proc.Priorytety ESLC is seen teaching anyway after what and how to evaluate teachers. Only 24 per cent. students are regularly assessed for verbal expression.

Teachers strongly prefer to conduct tests of listening comprehension, grammar and vocabulary, as well as ask written work (so says more than half of high school students). As much as 56 percent. middle school students admits that in the first class solve tasks to prepare them for the tests gimnazjalnych.Zdaniem Agata Gajewska teaching is not everything. – Very important it is the social context. The level of knowledge among parents is much higher in Finland than in Sweden or Poland. And that’s why young Scandinavians do better in international studies – notes. – Very important it is also the role of the media. In Sweden since the 70s movies on TV dropped, in their original languages ​​with subtitles.

We still reigns dubbing. How this could affect the ability of the students, lecturers confirm the directions in English Philology. Often they say that a well-prepared candidates finished with the original language version of the cartoon on Cartoon Network. The recent decision to raise the age of compulsory education to seven years is not consistent with the results of international research, which highlighted the importance of early learning – European Commission estimates published on Monday in the “Education and Training Monitor 2016”. As explained by the European Commissioner. Tibor Navracsics education at a press conference, research and statistics show that from the point of view of the development of skills and personality the most beneficial for children is the early stage of education. Therefore, we support all the reforms that lower the age of children entering the education system, also in the system of care and early.

Polish decision is contrary to this trend, why criticize it – Navracsics said. Compulsory education for 6-year-olds and kindergarten for 5-year-olds was abolished amendment to the Education Act, adopted by Parliament in December last. Year It was decided that the children will start learning compulsory until the age of 7, after one year of compulsory pre-school education at the age of 6 years. In the “Education and Training Monitor”, a description initiated by the government, “a substantial reform of the school system.” At the moment we do not have any assessment on the reform plans. Of course, we observe the situation and are open to any discussions with the Polish government – said the Commissioner.

According to the “Monitor” Poland is among the EU countries with the lowest percentage of early school leavers; in 2015. It was 5.3 per cent., while the EU average is 11 percent. It also has some of the best results when it comes to the acquisition by students basic skills of reading, mathematics and science.